“A TRUE GIFT FROM GOD TO CATTLE MEN!”
Boran cattle were developed from the native shorthorned Zebu cattle of the Borana.
Since 1951, the Boran Cattle Breeders’ Society has been managed and strategically breeding Boran cattle in Kenya.
Having been in Africa for over a thousand years, they are very well adapted to local conditions and parasites. Boran cattle are known for their fertility, early maturation (more so than other Zebu breeds), hardiness, and docility.
Mature male Kenyan Boran range in size from 550 to 850 kg, while females are from 400 to 550 kg.
Why the Boran?
We have witnessed over many years how over-feeding, over-management, greed and shows (a desire just to breed pretty animals) has led to the downfall of many cattle breeds. There is disillusionment of the commercial breeder in our stud animals and a desperate search began for breeds that will meet the challenges of world in the 21st Century.
Consumers are scared of hormones and growth stimulants. Commercial farmers are desperate to lower their input costs and the price of feed has became unaffordable for annual use.
Having been improved under the natural conditions of Africa the Boran offers today breeders exactly what they are looking for.
The genetic composition of the Boran is unique, making it your best choice for cross breeding:
- European Bos Taurus – 24%
- BosIndicus – 64%
- African Bos Taurus – 12%
The Boran is the mothering cow of Africa:
- Boran cows have very good udders with well-formed teats.
- They produce enough milk to wean calves that weigh more than 50% of dams weight at weaning.
- Their good mothering instinct provides a deterrent against predators.
- Borans have an excellent survival rate of calves.
- Cows produce small calves at birth, male calves average 28kg and female calves average 25kg.
- Calving problems hardly exist.
- It is quite normal for a 15-year –old cow to be sound mouthed healthy and fertile.
- It is also on record that a 16 year old Boran bull is still producing high quality semen for artificial insemination.
- It is acknowledged that the greatest attribute of the Boran is its fertility.
- Even under harsh conditions the Boran cow will continue to breed and rear calves and do this without punishing herself.
- One explanation for this high fertility is that the cow has relatively low body weight loss over the suckling period, thereby maintaining a good condition, thus able to conceive again.
- A loose but very motile skin with a very short covering of hair and a high secretion of an oily substance makes the Boran a less desirable host for ticks and flies.
- Thick eye banks with very long eyelashes and a long tail with a big well-formed twitch all protect this indigenousness breed against insects.
- Boran cattle are recognized as being generally, quiet, docile and easy to handle. This trait has developed over many generations of cattle living close to man.
- Trials in Nebraska, U.S.A, show that the Boran and its crosses score consistently better than other Zebu Breeds for meat tenderness, carcass marbling and rib eye area.
- The ideal breed for GRASS FED BEEF.
The Herd instinct:
- The very strong herd instinct of the Boran makes it easy to manage in bush country.
- It makes it almost impossible to steel a single animal out of a herd
Good converter of roughage into good quality beef:
- The unique tremendous rumen capacity of the Boran as can be seen in its exceptional depth of body allows the breed to be successfully fattened of the veldt with no energy supplement
- Boran heifers reach puberty at an average age of 385 days.
Well adapted to environment and climate:
- Having sound legs with good walking ability allows the Boran cover great distances in search of food and water.
- Being a good grazer and browser allows the Boran to make use of all vegetation at its disposal.
- Its short shiny summer coat and its excellent heat tolerance allow it to out perform other breeds in hot humid climates.
- It also however has the unique ability to withstand extremely cold and wet conditions as during winter it is protected by an excessively thick loose skin and a covering of very dense oily hair that is shed with the commencement of summer.
They were looking for a desirable beef-type animal that would retain the Brahman’s natural ability to thrive under adverse conditions.
In recent years, the major portion of the Brangus registered are from Brangus parents, but an increasing number of foundation Brahman and Angus are being enrolled as the breed achieves greater recognition. Interest in developing breeds of cattle carrying some percentage of Brahman breeding for the general improvement of the commercial cattle of the United States speaks well for the apparent advantages that Bos indicus cattle have in areas of high heat and humidity.
The breed have proven resistant to heat and high humidity. Under conditions of cool and cold climate they seem to produce enough hair for adequate protection. The cows are good mothers and the calves are usually of medium size at birth. The cattle respond well to conditions of abundant feed but have exhibited hardiness under conditions of stress.
The Bonsmara is a breed of cattle known for its high quality beef. Originating in South Africa as a scientific experiment of professor Jan Bonsma, the Bonsmara was created after many cross matings and back-crosses consisting of 5/8 Afrikaner (Sanga-type), 3/16 Hereford, and 3/16 Shorthorn (both taurine types).
The Bonsmara originates from South Africa, it has been scientifically bred and strictly selected for economical production in extensive cattle grazing in sub-tropical climates.
Interestingly, Bonsma had a unique method of scale photography, so Bonsmara is the only breed in the world that can boast a pictorial genealogy from the very beginning of the breeding work until the new breed was established.
The Bonsmara has become so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years.
- Well adapted to sub-tropical climate
- Calving ease
- High quality meat
- Calm temperament and easy handling
- Performance tested and inspected to minimum breed standards
- Suitable for use in cross breeding.
Beefmaster is a breed of beef cattle that was developed in the early 1930s by Tom Lasater (the breed founder), after his father Ed c. Lasater created the breed, from a crossing of Hereford cows and Shorthorn cows with Brahman bulls. The exact mixture of the foundation cattle is unknown, but is thought to be about 25% Hereford, 25% Shorthorn and 50% Brahman. It was first recognized by the USDA as a new breed in 1954. The original intention was to produce cattle that could produce economically in the difficult environment of South Texas.
The cattle were selected by using the Six Essentials:
- milking ability,
Though there are no standards for color, most are red to light red, with white mottled spots. Over the past decade black Beefmaster have become very popular among herd managers using the breed in their heterosis programs for hybrid vigour.
These cattle are a versatile, multipurpose breed, meaning that they can be used for milk as well as beef.
Jersey cattle are a small breed of dairy cattle. Originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey, the breed is popular for the high butterfat content of its milk and the lower maintenance costs attending its lower bodyweight, as well as its genial disposition.
The Jersey cow is quite small ranging from only 400–500 kilograms. The main factor contributing to the popularity of the breed has been their greater economy of production, due to:
- The ability to carry a larger number of effective milking cows per unit area due to lower body weight, hence lower maintenance requirements, and superior grazing ability.
- Calving ease and a relatively lower rate of dystocia, leading to their popularity in crossbreeding with other dairy and even beef breeds to reduce calving related injuries.
- High fertility
- High butterfat conditions, 4.84% butterfat and 3.95% protein, and the ability to thrive on locally produced food. Bulls are also small, ranging from 540 to 820 kg (1200 to 1800 pounds), and are notoriously aggressive.
- Castrated males can be trained into fine oxen which, due to their small size and gentle nature, make them popular with young teamsters. Jersey oxen are not as strong as larger breeds however and are generally out of favour among competitive teamsters.
- Due to the small size, docile and inquisitive character and attractive features of the Jersey cow, small herds were imported into England by aristocratic landowners as adornment for aesthetically landscaped parks.
Jerseys come in all shades of brown, from light tan to almost black. They are frequently fawn in colour. All purebred Jerseys have a lighter band around their muzzle, a dark switch (long hair on the end of the tail), and black hooves, although in recent years color regulations have been relaxed to allow a broadening of the gene pool.
The cows are calm and docile animals, but tend to be a little more nervous than other dairy cow breeds. Jersey bulls are another matter. While all dairy bulls are considered dangerous animals, Jersey bulls are considered by many to be the least docile of the dairy breeds.
The cows are also highly recommended cows for first time owners and marginal pasture.
Jersey cattle have a greater tendency towards post-parturient hypocalcaemia (or “milk fever”) in dams, and tend to have frail calves that require more attentive management in cold weather than other dairy breeds due to their smaller body mass and greater relative surface area.
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